Kindergarten Units (Based upon Oregon K-12 Literacy Framework):
Phonemic Awareness – There are at least 44 phonemes (or uniquely different sounds) that are used in the English language. Here is a guide to the phonemes (which I referred to extensively, when setting up the structure below).
- Begin with teaching the name of the letter, before teaching students the sound associated with each letter.
- Next, teach the sounds of the consonants. Consonants are letters whose sounds require that your mouth is partially or fully blocked, and CANNOT be made louder or quieter (For a review & examples of teachers in classrooms).
- Sound = /b/; letter = b; example = bug
- Sound = /d/; letter = d; example = dad
- Sound = /f/; letter = f; example = fan
- Sound = /g/; letter = g; example = gas
- Sound = /h/; letter = h; example = hop
- Sound = /j/; letter = j, g; example = jam, giraffe
- Sound = /k/; letter = c or k; example = cat, kit
- Sound = /l/; letter = l; example = live
- Sound = /m/; letter = m; example = mud
- Sound = /n/; letter = n; example = net
- Sound = /p/; letter = p; example = pin
- Q is rarely used without u (listed under 1st grade learning targets
- Sound = /r/; letter = r; example = run
- Sound = /s/; letter = s, c; example = sit, circle
- Sound = /t/; letter = t; example = tip
- Sound = /v/; letter = v; example = vine
- Sound = /w/; letter = w; example = wit
- Sound = /y/; letter = i, j (typically the word originates from another language), y; example = onion, Johann, yes
- Sound = /z/; letter = s, x, z; example = his, xylophone, zoo
- Then teach the short vowel sounds (the vowels are a,e,i,o,u, and sometimes y; I recently learned that w can be considered a vowel too). Vowels are letters whose sounds require that your mouth to be open, unblocked, and can be made louder or quieter (For a review & examples of teachers in classrooms). I put these after, consonants because vowels and digraphs are typically more difficult for dyslexic students to learn, than consonants, as they frequently get interchanged.
- Review Alphabet
Phonics (Focuses on writing print vs. phonemic awareness which focuses on sounds)
- Sound-symbol relationships
- Content of vocabulary instruction is from books and other curriculum materials teachers read to students
- Listening comprehension